Water Treatment System Maintenance for the Well Owner


You can’t survive for more than three to five days without water.  If disaster happens, do you have access to your own well?  If you have your own well, are you sure you can rely on it?

I found some helpful advice on keeping your well water clean and drinkable, and I’m passing it along you you.

Photo source: Pixabay, CC0 Public Domain, https://pixabay.com/en/drinking-no-drinking-water-98618/
Photo source: Pixabay, CC0 Public Domain, https://pixabay.com/en/drinking-no-drinking-water-98618/

(NewsUSA) – Water treatment can help household well owners address health risks and undesirable taste, odor, and smells — but treatment systems work only if properly maintained, says the National Ground Water Association (NGWA), which operates the website, WellOwner.org.

Periodic water testing can help ensure that treatment systems are working properly. A water treatment service provider or the manufacturer can recommend water testing intervals.
Consult with a water treatment professional about your capability of maintaining your water treatment system. If you are unsure, have a water treatment professional do it.
Here are maintenance basics for primary water treatment technologies.

Continuous disinfection: Ultraviolet light systems treat water coming into the house. Good maintenance requires that the quartz sleeve in which the lamp is housed be clean. Also, annual lamp replacement is wise.

Ion exchange: Referred to as water softeners, ion exchange needs salt, which needs replenishment periodically. Water softeners can run years with minimal maintenance.
Maintenance requirements can vary. For example, if ion exchange is used to remove nitrate — a health risk to infants at certain concentrations — the system requires a different resin and substance to regenerate the resin than traditional water softening.

Reverse osmosis (RO): When coupled with granular activated carbon (GAC) filters before and after the RO membrane, RO is effective in treating many water quality issues. GAC filters usually need replacement once or twice a year. But the RO membrane can last for years.

Whole house sediment filter: These remove particulate and enhance effectiveness and reduce maintenance of treatment systems down the line. Follow the manufacturer’s filter-change directions.

Adaptable automatic backwashing filter: These backwash the filter media, requiring little maintenance to remove sediment, tastes and odors, iron and manganese, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and arsenic. The media bed must be replaced periodically. For VOCs and arsenic, consult with a qualified water treatment service provider or the manufacturer about periodic water monitoring and proper media bed disposal.

Acid neutralizing systems to reduce lead: These reduce corrosiveness in water that can cause lead leaching from plumbing pipes, fittings, fixtures, and solder.

Adaptable automatic backwashing filters and sodium carbonate feed pump systems can reduce corrosiveness. The filter requires calcite addition annually and total calcite replacement every two to three years. The injection system requires adding sodium carbonate two to three times annually.

Click the “water treatment” tab on www.WellOwner.org for more.

  • Tuco

    All good info, but missing the latest and most overall effective approach to treating well water for both organic (biological — bacteria, viruses, parasites, etc.) and inorganic (contaminants of metal and mineral natures) contaminants. That being the application of chlorine directly into the water column of the well itself.

    That approach renders unnecessary the clutter, expense and inconvenience of in-house tanks, specialized filters (e.g., manganese greensand filters for iron) and other maintenance-intensive technologies, even the UV disinfection for drinking water purification.

    Chlorine is not only a powerful disinfectant, but is likewise a powerful oxidant. By chlorinating directly into the water column of the well, all biological contaminants are killed off and inorganic contaminants such as iron, sulfur, even lead and arsenic are oxidized out of the dissolved state into microscopic solids. And once a solid, gravity can take over, settling those contaminants to the bottom of the well below the submersible pump.

    What’s left is very effectively cleaned-up water with just a trace of chlorine residual left in it (most of the chlorine that was applied as automatically dispensed dry pellets being consumed in the disinfection + oxidation processes) when the submersible pump is called on to bring water from the well into the house.

    From there, that’s where either POE (Point Of Entry — e.g., whole house) or POU (Point Of Use — shower head, kitchen sink, etc.) water filtration shines, especially with the current generation of combination GAC (Granular Activated Carbon) + KDF (a synthetic “redox” (reduction by oxidation) media) sealed water filters.

    Nutshell — by dropping all that evil to the bottom of the well, it eliminates multiple cluttering, messing-with-them and expensive “old school” technologies that worked so effectively before the brilliant discovery of dry pellet chlorination into the well happened along.

    Disclosure — As a municipal water quality Laboratory Director of 22 years, “retiring” in 2000, I found the combination of retirement boredom plus the abundance of profit-driven BS about water treatment to be unbearable, so I formed Environmental Systems Distributing (aka: ESD Water) to keep my hand in the water treatment field, and have added a very selective line of water treatment products and systems along the way.

    “Very selective” translating into, after now some 40+ years as a water treatment professional, there are numerous products on the market that I simply cannot recommend and will not offer to sell. ESD Water’s product line represents what this water treatment expert can recommend with confidence and a clear conscience, and uses (or would use) in his own home and with family.

    For a free, no strings attached, 15-minute consultation on any domestic, commercial or industrial water treatment problem, please don’t hesitate to get in touch. And feel safe about it, I’m a water chemist not a salesman. You don’t need to buy or sign up for anything.

    Now that I am “retired,” I only work 8-10 hours a day at it, but hey, a fellow needs to feel useful at something. — Steve Harrison, Owner, ESD Water ~ http://www.esdwater.com